Capital Punishment: Differing Perspectives

The death penalty, which is still in use in many parts of the world; including the United States of America, has been the topic of disagreement for many years. The following text will review the perspectives from each view point, both for and against, capital punishment.
The Green Garage Blog states that a study that took place in the late 1960s showed an increase in crime during the time when the death penalty was abolished. (Green Garage Blog,2015) A lot of people would be deterred from committing the crime if they knew that it could cost them their lives. However Max Ehrenfreund denies this, stating that there is no proof this is the case from countries already enforcing the punishment. (Ehrenfreund,M. 2014)
Between 1973 and 2015, 156 people have been released from death row and had their charges dismissed (DPIC, 2015). A contributing factor to this is the advancement of forensic technology, with the emergence of new evidence collection methods such as DNA testing. This appears to be more evident when the list of released prisoners shows that in many cases, they were detained for over 20 years before being exonerated.
Some criminals are too dangerous to live making the death penalty a method of removing a threat to society. In 2006 Suddam Hussein was executed in an undisclosed location. Early that year it emerged that he had planned an escape with his large outside following. (The Telegraph, 2009) A lot of criminals have a large cult following outside of prison, meaning that they are still a threat to society even though they are behind bars.
According to The Green Garage Blogs “List of 10 Biggest Death Penalty Pros and Cons” it is cheaper to have a person executed than life in prison without parole. (Green Garage Blog, 2015) All costs are met by the tax payers. Due to the length and complexity of an execution, in some cases, these costs can be just as high. This includes the numerous trials to convict an inmate, plus the appeals they may possibly make and the lengthy sentence on death row in a high security prison.
In many prisons, a life sentence can be cut short due to an inmate receiving parole. This means a full sentence is not carried out. For some victims this could be heart breaking knowing the person who hurt them is free to do it again. In 1985, John Leslie Coombes was sentenced to life in prison for murder however he was released in 2007 as the judge “was satisfied Coombes lost control due to a psychiatric condition”. In 2009 Coombes then went on to kill Raechel Betts and was then sentenced to life without parole. (Hunt.E, Bice.K, 2013)
Although the death penalty can provide closure for victims, it has also been proven that many criminals can rehabilitate whilst in prison. Crime Museum (2016) suggests that while the majority believe prisons are simply a place to deprive those who commit crimes their freedom, an intention of the prison system is to rehabilitate inmates. Some prisons provide workshops to deliver educational programs or therapeutic activities, Crime Museum suggests long-term imprisonment may not rehabilitate as intended. As inmates spend long periods of time with other criminals, this allows them to make connections or teach each other new/better ways of committing crimes (Crime Museum, 2016). This means prisoners may be more likely to commit further crimes once they are freed.
In conclusion, there are many views on whether the death penalty is a suitable punishment for a crime. The most prominent issue is that there is no going back, once a person is executed, this cannot be undone. The points explored throughout this text demonstrate that the opinion on capital punishment differs from person to person. In my opinion I believe that the death penalty should still be used in the UK. However there should be many procedures used to make sure a criminal has committed the crime they are charged with. This would in time hopefully prevent people from committing certain crimes.

Green Garage Blog (2015) List of 10 Biggest Death Penalty Pros and Cons [Online] Available at (Accessed: 15/09/2016).
Max Ehrenfreund (2014) There’s still no evidence that executions deter criminals [Online] Available at (Accessed: 15/09/2016).
DPIC (2015) Innocence: List of Those Freed From Death Row [Online] Available at (Accessed: 15/09/2016).
The Telegraph (2009) Saddam Hussein ‘had plan to escape from US prison’ [Online] Available at (Accessed: 15/09/2016).
Green Garage Blog (2015) List of 10 Biggest Death Penalty Pros and Cons [Online] Available at (Accessed: 15/09/2016).
Elissa Hunt, Katie Bice (2013) Profile of several criminals who were on parole when they killed [Online] Available at (Accessed: 15/09/2016).
Crime Museum (2016) Rehabilitative Effects of Imprisonment [Online] Available at (Accessed: 15/09/2016).

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